Lawrence Chaplin/Golgotha. 48"X33.5" Oil on Masonite, $3500

The Place of the Skull. Traditionally, the location of Golgotha derives from its identification c. 325 by Helena, the mother of Constantine I. Close by, Helena also identified the location of the tomb of Jesus and claimed to have discovered the actual cross. The Emperor proceeded to build the Church of the Holy Sepulchre around the entire site. Prior to Helena's identification, the location had long been a temple to Aphrodite. Constantine's construction took over most of the area of the earlier temple enclosure, and the Rotunda and cloister (which was replaced after the 12th century by the present Catholicon and Calvary Chapel) roughly cover the same area as the temple building itself.