"No loa dares show itself without Legba's permission.Whoever has offended him finds himself unable to address his loa and deprived of their protection. Legba is also the guardian of the gates and of the fences which surround houses, and by extension he is the protector of the home. In this latter role he is invoked under the name of Mâit-bitasyan (Master of the Habitation). He is also the god of roads and paths. As 'Master of the Crossroads' he is the god of every parting of the way—a favourite haunt of evil spirits; it is at crossroads that he receives the homage of sorcerers and presides over their incantations and spells. His pitiful appearence...conceals the terrific strength that becomes apparent in the violence of possessions induced by him."

Alfered Létraux. Voodoo In Haiti. Schòcken Books, New York: 1952 (Trans. Hugo Charteris)

"The permanent residence of the loas is in the mythological Ginen's city of Vilokan, an island beneath the (underlying) sea. As in Benin and Nigeria the gods are said not to speak the same language as the people. Legba both holds the keys to Vilokan and he is the divine medium. The Hermes of the Hatian pantheon. In Lebgba's vèvè the focal image is the symbol of the cross...the horizontal of the cross represents the profane world of the living and the vertical line the medium of communication with the sacred abyss."*

*L.G. Desmangles. The Faces of The Gods. UNCP:1992

(Notes compiled by Gethin James)